coLinux
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Summary of how it works:

  • Start with a Linux distribution installed somewhere.
    • This guide only covers section in general ways. Use your search engine to acquire more info here.
    • This guide assumes you're sufficiently technically knowledgeable.
  • Create a coLinux image from that installation.


Instructions:

  • Read thru all the instructions here once to know what preparations are required.
  • Start with a Linux distribution installed somewhere.
    • Options include, but not limited to:
      • Install Linux distro of your choice to a physical partition in your hard disk.
      • Install Linux distro of your choice into VMWare.
      • Install Linux distro of your choice into any other virtual machine.
    • This guide doesn't cover steps for above; use your search engine to find info for above.
    • The only thing to remember when performing above install is:
      • Avoid LVM; coLinux can only support LVM if you recompile its kernel.
      • Mark your partitions as ext2 or ext3; ie: /dev/sda1 as ext3.
      • Your swap partition should be a separate partition on its own.
        • So that you can take it out or change it easily later.
    • Otherwise, perform above install normally, install any package you wish to have until it's completely installed.
    • This guide then proceeds on after above install is changed to boot to text mode by default. I did not try proceeding using GUI mode as coLinux may not like it much.
    • What I did:
      • Installed CentOS 5.3 into a VMWare image.
        • Had VMWare point to my CentOS*.iso file as CD-ROM drive.
        • The image only had 1 NAT network interface; not really necessary.
        • Created 2 VMWare hard disks:
          • SCSI disk 1 -> 6GB
          • SCSI disk 2 -> 512MB
        • Modified my partitions to following:
          • /dev/sda1 - ext3 -> /boot
          • /dev/sda2 - ext3 -> /
          • /dev/sdb1 -> swap
      • Changed /etc/inittab:
        • From id:5:initdefault:
        • To id:3:initdefault:
        • Above done to ensure CentOS 5.3 boots to text mode.
    • At this point, we have a Linux distribution to convert to a coLinux image!
  • Create a coLinux image from that installation.
    • Run fdisk /dev/sda (assuming you installed to /dev/sda). In my case, I saw something like this:
      Disk /dev/sdc: 6442 MB, 6442450944 bytes
      255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 783 cylinders
      Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

      Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
      /dev/sdc1 * 1 13 104391 83 Linux
      /dev/sdc2 14 783 6185025 8e Linux LVM
    • Take note of numbers in bold.
      • Total bytes in your /dev/sda: 6442450944 bytes
      • Count of bytes in each unit: 8225280 bytes
      • Count of units in each of your partitions: 13 and 770 respectively in my case.
        • 770==783-13
    • Also take note what partitions are installed with what & used for what purpose. You'll need this to create your coLinux configuration file.
    • At this point, you need some place to store images you will extract/create.
      • If your install is in a physical hard disk, mount a hard disk & change to a directory where it is mounted.
      • If your install is in VMWare, add another hard disk big enough to hold images you will create. In my case, I added a /dev/sdc with 10GB and mounted it to /mnt/clone, and then cd /mnt/clone.
    • While in your Linux install itself, use its dd command to extract itself to produce coLinux images. The commands I will use are specific to my examples and you may need the command with different parameters depending on how you've installed your earlier Linux. In my case, I used these:
      • dd if=/dev/sda1 of=devsda1-boot.img bs=8225280 count=13
      • dd if=/dev/sda2 of=devsda2-root.img bs=8225280 count=770
      • Note:
        • Yes we're running off that same hard disk, but it's not that bad.
        • There are probably processes not terminated, files not closed, etc.
        • But after you created the coLinux image, it's as if you are booting from a power trip.
        • Your new Linux image will do some filesystem checks, recover, and all will be fine and dandy.
        • If you're paranoid, make a copy of your /dev/sda as /dev/sdc after shutting down, then extract from /dev/sdc instead. This was actually what I did.
        • I also did a shortcut; while my VMWare instance was running, from the host computer, I ran following:
          • ssh root@<vmhost> dd if=/dev/sdc1 bs=8225280 count=13 > ./devsda1-boot.img
          • ssh root@<vmhost> dd if=/dev/sdc2 bs=8225280 count=770 > ./devsda2-root.img
        • Previous commands delivered my Linux installs straight to my host computer hard disks.
    • Once you have your devsda1-boot.img and devsda2-root.img files respectively (again your case might differ, depending on how you've installed things), you need those files in your host computer. You'll need to find a way to bring them over to your host computer. ie:
      • If you are using a physical install, having the images in your USB hard disk will do. Just plug the hard disk to a Windows machine and copy it to where you want your coLinux image to be.
      • If you're using VMWare like I did, you could use the ssh shortcut I mentioned previously if you know how, or you could just copy it out via the network interface from that VMWare, via sftp, scp, ftp or any other means.
    • Lets say you installed coLinux to C:\Program Files\coLinux and want your images to run from C:\myimage, simply do following:
      • Use dd to create a swap image file. ie: dd if=/dev/zero of=swap512m.img bs=1 count=536903680
      • Put your *.img image files into C:\myimage.
      • Create a run.bat in C:\myimage, having following content:
        • "%ProgramFiles%\coLinux\colinux-daemon" -t nt @"run.conf.txt"
        • Create a run.conf.txt file in C:\myimage with your coLinux configuration. In my case, I had these:
          sda1="devsda1-boot.img"
          sda2="devsda2-root.img"
          #cobd0="devsda1-boot.img"
          #cobd1="devsda2-root.img"
          #cobd6="CentOS-5.3-i386-bin-DVD.iso"
          sdb1="swap512m.img"
          #cobd7="swap512m.img"

          cofs0="C:\Program Files\coLinux"
          cofs1="C:\"
          cofs2="."

          kernel="C:\Program Files\coLinux\vmlinux"
          root=/dev/sda2 fastboot
          # Only needed for first time.
          #initrd="C:\Program Files\coLinux\initrd.gz"

          mem=2048

          eth0=slirp,02:03:04:05:06:07,tcp:5922:22
          #eth1=pcap-bridge,"Loopback-coLinux",02:03:04:05:06:08
          eth1=ndis-bridge,"Loopback-coLinux",02:03:04:05:06:08
          eth2=tuntap,"TAP-coLinux",02:03:04:05:06:09
      • Yup, the sda1, sda2, and sdb1 entries should correctly pointed coLinux to my Linux images.
      • The cofs entries let me access my Windows drives.
      • The root entry may need to be modified depending on your install.
      • You may need to enable the initrd line by removing the # character at least 1 time.
      • As for eth0, eth1, and eth2, I installed Microsoft Loopback Adapter and had my adapters configured in following manner:
        • The loopback adapter was renamed to "Loopback-coLinux" (you'll see this in run.conf.txt). Its IP set to 192.168.70.1.
        • The TAP adapter was renamed to "TAP-coLinux" (again, you'll see this in run.conf.txt). Its IP set to 192.168.84.1.
      • Then, I ran these for CentOS to ensure they can work in the coLinux image after I booted it:
        cat > /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 <<INPUTEND
        DEVICE=eth0
        BOOTPROTO=dhcp
        ONBOOT=yes
        TYPE=Ethernet
        INPUTEND
        cat > /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1 <<INPUTEND
        DEVICE=eth1
        IPADDR=192.168.70.70
        NETMASK=255.255.255.0
        NETWORK=192.168.70.0
        BROADCAST=192.168.70.255
        ONBOOT=yes
        BOOTPROTO=none
        USERCTL=no
        INPUTEND
        cat > /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2 <<INPUTEND
        DEVICE=eth2
        IPADDR=192.168.84.84
        NETMASK=255.255.255.0
        NETWORK=192.168.84.0
        BROADCAST=192.168.84.255
        ONBOOT=yes
        BOOTPROTO=none
        USERCTL=no
        INPUTEND
      • So with that, from Windows, just double click run.bat & things should run! Just clean up on the install a bit and you now have a coLinux image!


2011 Jul 10

KarHeng

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